Textile & Clothing Market in Turkey

Marketplace Overview

Textile and Clothing market has a great contribution to the Turkish economy. The market has been denominated as the locomotive of the Turkish Overall economy for several years. Turkey’s textile and clothing exports continued soaring just lately following started slipping in January, with elimination of EU and US quotas.

The industrialisation initiatives of the 60’s and 70’s gave delivery to the modern textile industry in Turkey. At the beginning, this sector was running as compact workshops. But the sector showed rapid advancement and in the course of the 1970’s commenced exporting. Nowadays, Turkey is one particular of the critical textile and garments producers and exporters in the environment.

Turkey’s textile and garments companies commenced relocating output in Japanese Europe and Central Asia. In the very last three decades, Turkish textile and clothing companies faced elevating difficulties, soon after obtaining considerably succeeded in the eighties and the initially component of the nineties.

Chinese textile exports after a decades-outdated quota technique boundaries finishes on January 1, 2005 and the Environment Trade Corporation thinks that inside three several years the Asian giant could be developing about half of the earth s textiles, up from 17% in 2003.

The conclusion of the quota regime has spawned fears of prevalent occupation losses all around the entire world, which include in Turkey, whose very own textiles and apparel exports stand at all-around $20 billion a year.

Therefore, it is essential to have an understanding of the Turkish textile and attire sector, the weak point and the power it has in the Globe market.

Existing scenario of Textiles and Apparels in Turkey

The textile and apparel sector has been the spine of the Turkish economy with a very important purpose to engage in in the industrialisation approach and industry orientation of the financial state in the last two decades. In the 1980s, it was the top sector connected to the worldwide economic system and the export revenues of this hard forex earning sector contributed considerably to the total economic climate. The textile sector ongoing to be 1 of the important contributors to the Turkish financial state, being a single of the quickest expanding sectors in the 1990s with an normal 12.2% yearly growth, although the Turkish financial system experienced an regular growth of 5.2% for each calendar year. Whole financial commitment in the sector exceeded US$ 150 billion, of which far more than US$ 50 billion was invested in the last 5-10 decades.

Textile industry begun out in the 1960s in tiny workshops, have rapidly designed and reworked Turkey into a global competitor.

The complete quantity of companies in the sector, dominated (95%) by the private sector, variety about 44,000 and 25% of them are lively exporters. The clothing industry is constituted mostly (80%) of compact and medium sized companies whereas the engineering-intensive textile output has been undertaken by huge-scale providers. These days, about 20% of Turkey’s 500 greatest businesses are involved in the textiles and attire sector.

Reduced labor prices, a certified workforce, somewhat low-priced raw products have played an significant position in the substantial progress of the sector as properly as a liberalized financial natural environment and export-led guidelines in the very last two many years.

The creation worth of the sector is above US$ 20 billion. Employment in the sector is believed to be about 4 million persons (2.5 million used straight and a further more 1.5 million indirectly via the sub-sectors). Formal studies also reveals that about 500,000 staff in the sector because of to unregistered labor power.

The attire sector exports somewhere around 60% of its output. Capability utilization premiums are around 75% especially among the exporting companies.

Turkey ranks also amongst the top 10 international producers of wool fabric, carpets, synthetic filament and fiber, polyester and polyamide filament. Although Europe’s 3rd largest polyester producer is a Turkish-US joint venture, Turkey’s synthetics generation mounts to 15% of Western Europe’s potential.

Financial Contribution

Textile and clothes field has a wonderful contribution to the Turkish financial state. For example, textile and clothes business accounts for:

. 10% in GNP

. 40 % in industrial production

. 30% producing labor power

. 35% of exports earning

The textile and clothing sector contributes in excess of 20 billion USD to the Gross Nationwide Products. The sector is mainly crucial for its export earnings its share in the country’s complete exports has been involving 33-39% considering that 1990.

The significant export sector for Turkish textile and apparel products is the EU nations around the world, which account for about 65% of whole textile and attire exports. Turkey ranks 2nd in apparel and textile imports to the EU obtaining an 8.2% and 4.8% share in the EU’s total textile and apparel imports respectively as of 2003.

Export circumstance

Textile and apparel exports amplified by 14.6% on typical for each year through 1980-2003. In particular until the second fifty percent of 1990s, the sector’s exports elevated at a charge previously mentioned the improve in overall exports of Turkey as perfectly as the maximize in worldwide textile and apparel exports. In 2003, the sector’s exports totaled US$ 15.1 billion, owning a share of 32.6% of the overall exports. Exports rose to 23% in 2003, conditions of benefit to 2002. The raising share of apparels in exports considering the fact that 1986 signifies the attempts to create more worth extra solutions.

Right after the EU, the United states is a significant and impending sector. Turkey is the 19th clothing provider and ninth textile supplier of Usa with a 1.9% and 2.9% share respectively. Beside the EU and the US industry, new marketplaces are North African countries namely, Tunisia, Egypt and Algeria Middle East international locations particularly Syria, Israel and Saudi Arabia Jap European nations specifically Romania, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary and CIS international locations. The sector faces quotas only in the Usa and Canada. The Russian Federation was also a massive sector for the Turkish textile and attire sector till the economic crisis of August 1998. It was the 3rd largest sector for clothing and 9th for textile goods in 1997. Russia is nonetheless a promising industry for textile and apparel sectors with its higher use opportunity that will appear out in the next decades particularly after developments to improved integration to the environment financial system and WTO membership potential customers.

Cotton marketplace

Turkey is a pretty critical cotton state, which is an benefit in raw supplies, for the garments industry. Turkey is a regular cotton producer and uses this edge in the textile and clothing sector. Turkey ranks 1st in Europe and 6th in the globe cotton generation with an normal output of 800,000-900,000 tons for every
year. In addition, with the completion of irrigation initiatives within Southeastern Anatolian Undertaking (Gap), Turkey’s most comprehensive advancement system, recent cotton generation is envisioned to double by the year 2005.

During 2003-04 period Turkey produced 893,000 tons of cotton. About 30% of the cotton generation is high quality very long staple cotton and the rest is of medium top quality. The cotton market supplies a aggressive edge to the textiles industry, which makes use of cotton as its crucial uncooked content.

Cotton Current market Developments
Major locations for cotton yarn exports are Italy, Portugal, Greece and Belgium and for cotton material the British isles, Italy, Usa and Belgium. Whilst Turkey utilised to be a internet exporter of cotton, the trade balance reversed in 1992 and because then Turkey has been a net importer of cotton since domestic desire has persistently exceeded accessible shares. Beside cotton, Turkey has a sturdy standing in synthetic fiber, wool and mohair productions. Turkey ranks ninth in artificial fiber, eighth in wool and third in mohair output in the earth.

Household Textile Field

Aside from the Turkish textile market Turkish property textile marketplace has also revealed a development in conditions of output and exports. In modern several years the production of home textiles has proven a secure improve thanks to the rise in domestic and exterior demand for house textiles. Turkish property textile marketplace has recorded expansion in phrases of manufacturing and exports in recent yrs. Almost all sorts of home textiles are made in Turkey. These may perhaps be mentioned as follows in purchase of their export values: mattress linens, bedspreads, desk linens, towels, bathrobes, voiles, curtains, lace, interior blinds, curtain or bed valances, blankets, cushions, pillows, quilts, eiderdowns.

In home textile sector, other than substantial scale corporations there are many tiny and medium sized companies scattered all around the country. As a division of the textile field, the residence textiles sector accounts for 3.2% share in Turkey’s complete exports and have been an vital sub-sector for the Turkish economic climate. European nations are the most vital marketplaces for Turkey s property textile exports. At current Germany, the United kingdom, France, the Usa, Netherlands and Russian Federation are the important marketplaces for Turkey s property textile exports. New markets these as Poland, Hungary, Romania and CIS nations around the world are attaining additional and additional value.

Overseas Investments in the Sector

The merchandise of the Turkish textile and attire sector have a excellent popularity in overseas markets as a end result of the availability of higher good quality cotton in Turkey, broad usage of CAD (Computer system Aided Structure) and CAM (Laptop or computer Aided Producing) and the increase in the selection of capable staff.


The sector is aware of the pattern in international markets toward growing demand from customers for more healthy and extra environmentally pleasant goods and tries to adapt itself to these developments by authorized and technical regulations.

Even so, it is difficult to keep its aggressive situation in the environment market whole of emerging gamers. So, suppliers have shifted their functions to benefit-included products and creation of model names. Now, 30% of Turkish suppliers have their personal models and brands in worldwide markets.

As recent reports reveal, formulated countries will have a decreasing share in world-wide textile manufacturing whilst the creating international locations will enhance their production ability to meet up with the expanding calls for. It is also believed that by 2005, the establishing nations around the world will increase their self-sufficiency in textile creation. The US with an estimate of 200% maximize in textile use is also approximated to have a 32% lessen in self-sufficiency by the 12 months 2005.

Turkey, with its adaptability to European standards and rules relevant to setting, overall health, quality, and security is aiming to go into the creation of much more and additional benefit additional goods, into an era in which the Turkish textile industry will be regarded for its high quality logos and will be pricing a solution for the Created in Turkey signal.